A counterintelligence investigation was conducted in the Flint case

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The court found that the hacker could not simultaneously serve the FSB.

As it became known to Kommersant, the 2nd Western District Military Court found no errors in the materials of a high-profile criminal case against a group of alleged cyber scammers led by Alexey Stroganov (Flint) and instructed the 235th garrison Military Court to consider it on its merits. Earlier, just because of mistakes, the case was returned to the prosecutor's office, which approved the charge. The defense of the defendants still believes that the Ministry of Internal Affairs probably had no right to investigate the bank card scams committed, since one of the accused was an active FSB employee.

As one of the lawyers involved in the criminal case explained to Kommersant, about a month ago, the defense of alleged cyber fraudsters managed to get the criminal case investigated by the Investigative Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation to be returned to the Prosecutor General to eliminate the shortcomings that prevent its consideration on the merits. The lawyers drew the attention of the 235th Garrison Military Court to the special status of one of the accused, Igor Voroshilov, who at the time of the alleged crimes was an active employee of the Military counterintelligence Department of the FSB of the Russian Federation. The criminal case against the serviceman Voroshilov, according to the defense, could only be investigated by the military investigative unit of the TFR, and the garrison court agreed with the lawyers.

However, the decision of the court of first instance did not suit the prosecutors.

According to the supervisory authority, Major Voroshilov committed the crimes incriminated to him in his spare time, and in general, the alleged fraud with bank cards did not overlap with the activities of military counterintelligence.

Thus, the police could well investigate absolutely "civil" scams. The prosecutor's office stated this in its appeal submission to the district court and this time was successful. The second instance sent the materials of the criminal case to the garrison court with a request to consider it on its merits.
 

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On Tuesday, December 5, judge of the 235th Garrison Military Court Andrey Tolkachenko sent the case of the Flint hacker group to the Kaluga Garrison Military Court. This is stated in the court's decision on the direction of the case on jurisdiction, a copy is at RBC.

The decision says that the case was submitted to the 235th court on November 22. The judge examined his materials and informed him that he was changing his jurisdiction to territorial jurisdiction and directing him to the place of committing the crime. The document notes that according to the indictment, 12 crimes were committed exclusively in the Kaluga Region, including the most serious ones.

In total, 26 people are being investigated in the criminal case, 14 of them are registered and live in the Kaluga Region, the document says. The group's leader, Andrey Stroganov, is registered in Obninsk. He is charged with creating a criminal group consisting of seven structural divisions from May 2014 to July 2017. It includes his associates who committed crimes in the field of illegal turnover of payment funds.

The court noted that Stroganov "controlled the performance of their duties, provided financial support" while in the city of Obninsk, Kaluga region. The investigation also believes that Flint conducted his activities from Yalta and from the rooms of the capital's Balchug and St. Regis Moscow Nikolskaya hotels, as well as from the village of Lykovo in the Kaluga region.

The judge noted that Stroganov and another of the alleged organizers of the group, Vasiliev, met with their accomplices near the village of Lykovo. There they trained and " encouraged new members of the criminal community to work." Most of the evidence was collected on the territory of the region, the court notes.

Alexey Stroganov is well-known among carders (fraudsters engaged in operations with bank cards) like Flint24. The prosecution suggests that he created an OPS, which controlled a significant part of the shadow market for payment methods. Despite the scale stated in the indictment, the case mentions the only fact that the accused sold their "products" and the only income of the OPS registered by the investigation, which amounted to only $700. This money was received as part of a control purchase made by FSB operatives before the suspects were detained.

Members of the group of alleged carders are accused of creating a criminal community (Article 210 of the Criminal Code) and of illegal circulation of payment funds (Article 187 of the Criminal Code). 26 citizens were charged, 24 of them were taken into custody in March 2020. Subsequently, the measure of restraint was reduced for eight accused, who were assigned house arrest.

According to investigators, unknown persons created the site honeymoney21cc.com and they sold through it so-called dumps — information to be recorded on the magnetic strips of payment cards. During the test purchase, they sold information about payment card details, as well as CVV and CVC codes. This data was sufficient for money transfers and payments for goods and services in online stores.

In August, the 2nd Western District Military Court, at the request of the defense, returned the group's case to the Prosecutor General's Office. Then the 235th garrison military court agreed that only a military investigation could investigate the case (the Ministry of Internal Affairs was investigating the Flint case), since one of the accused has a special status, he was an employee of the FSB.

In November, Kommersant wrote that the 2nd Western District Military Court found no errors in the materials of the Flint case and instructed the 235th Garrison Military Court to consider it on its merits.
 

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Not to sit, but to serve

Hackers from the Flint case reached out for their own

As it became known to Kommersant, if the criminal case against Alexey Stroganov (Flint) and the alleged members of his criminal hacker community is returned by the court to the prosecutor's office, a number of defendants are ready to voluntarily go to their own service. Flint himself, who is now being sought not only by the FBI, but also by the US Secret Service, wants to serve in the cyber forces-although they have not yet been created in Russia.

On Tuesday, the 235th Garrison Military Court of Moscow (GVS) will continue preliminary hearings on the criminal case against 26 alleged members of the organized crime community who committed illegal turnover of payment funds (Articles 210 and 187 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). According to the investigative Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, hackers, led by Flint, literally all over the world stole the data of individuals who made online purchases and other transactions, and then put them up for sale.

The investigation began after the FBI, and then the US Secret Service, provided the Russian Interior Ministry with data on the Russian defendants. However, they did not contain any specific amounts that hackers could have received, or victims of their actions. And the development of cooperation between law enforcement officers in this case was hindered, among other things, by sanctions related to SVO.

The court, according to the lawyers, received very raw materials, which turned out to contain only general suspicions without specifics.

For example, as one of the defenders noted in a conversation with Kommersant, in the absence of specific places of incidents, the entire globe was actually recognized by them.

For the first time, the 235th Internal Affairs Department returned the case to the Prosecutor General's Office, and then to the Interior Ministry's Board of Directors in July 2023. The reason was violations in the indictment. It turned out that one of the defendants in the investigation was an employee of the FSB's military counterintelligence Department, Igor Voroshilov. In this regard, the case should be investigated by the TFR, and not by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. However, the higher court, returning the materials for the trial, decided that the presence of the military in the civil case was not a significant violation.

After that, in December 2023, the case went to the Kaluga Garrison Military Court, since in some cases hackers committed theft while in the Kaluga region. However, the court did not agree with the prosecutor's office, and the territorial jurisdiction again became metropolitan.

This time, the defense, rejecting the version with a violation of jurisdiction, operated with other facts. Including non-specific charges.

In particular, according to the indictment, one of the defendants, a resident of Yalta, Vitaly Akhmetov, who was awarded awards for participating in the return of Crimea to Russia, headed a group in the alleged OPS that engaged in the theft of credit card holders ' information. At the same time, the corresponding Article 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation was not charged to him and other defendants, and there are no episodes of embezzlement in the materials.

Meanwhile, according to the defense, Mr. Akhmetov has not been able to be diagnosed with the disease from which he suffers since December last year. The complaint sent to the prosecutor's office says that the defendant, along with other defendants who have been held in a pre-trial detention center for four years, has had a fever of 38-39 degrees in the evenings for more than four months and is accompanied by "pain in the hip joint on the left side." The X-ray didn't show anything, and there was nowhere to do a CT scan in the pre-trial detention center.

Lawyers believe that when they return, they will not only be able to agree on an examination in the wild, but also reduce the number of defendants themselves. So, about five of them, including Mr. Voroshilov, are already ready to sign up as volunteers to participate in the SVO. And the elderly Flint wants to serve his homeland in his specialty — in the cyber forces. A similar formation-the information operations troops of the Ministry of Defense-was planned to be created in 2014, but so far they are not available.

• Source: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/6609574?utm_source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop
 
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